What are the commonly used DC motors?
There are 4 main types of DC motors:
- Permanent Magnet DC Motors. The permanent magnet motor uses a permanent magnet to create field flux. …
- Series DC Motors. In a series DC motor, the field is wound with a few turns of a large wire carrying the full armature current. …
- Shunt DC Motors. …
- Compound DC Motors.
Why DC motors are widely used?
DC motors offer highly controllable speed. By changing the armature or field voltage it’s possible to achieve wide speed variation and with this level of controllability, DC motors offer the precision required by a wide range of industry applications.
Why do we use DC motor instead of AC motor?
DC motors have the advantage of: higher starting torque, quick starting and stopping, reversing, variable speeds with voltage input and they are easier and cheaper to control than AC. AC motor advantages include: lower power demand on start and minimal maintenance.
Why are the DC motors preferred for traction applications?
Explanation: DC motors are used for traction as, according to the characteristics of DC motors speed is inversely proportional to torque and square of armature current as well, if linear magnetization is concerned. Thus, DC motors are perfectly suitable for traction.
How does a DC motor work physics?
Electric motors use the forces produced by magnetic fields to produce a turning motion. If you put a length of wire in a magnetic field and pass a DC current through it (such as from a battery), the wire will move. This is called the motor effect .
Which DC motor is preferred for elevator?
DC cumulative compound motor having high starting torque up to 450% depending upon the degree of compounding. The speed regulation is varying up to 25 ~ 30%. That’s why these motors are used in elevators.
What are the most common uses of compound DC motors?
Compound wound motors are usually used where you need higher starting torque and relatively constant speed. The compound DC motors applications are in presses, shears, conveyors, elevators, rolling mills, heavy planners, etc.
Which of the following motor is widely used?
3-phase AC induction motors are the most widely used motors in industrial and commercial applications. They are divided into two sub-categories: Squirrel cage motors. Wound rotor motors.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of DC motor?
DC Motor Advantages & Disadvantages
|Inexpensive controls for speed regulation||Cogging at speeds of less than 300 rpm|
|Generally a low-cost motor option||Significant power loss on full wave rectified voltage|
|Easily pairs with gear reducers||High starting torque can damage reducers|
What will happen if DC motor is used without starter *?
6. What will happen if DC motor is used without starter? Explanation: It would cause intolerably heavy sparking at the brushes which may destroy the commutator and brush-gear. Sudden development of large torque will cause mechanical shock to the shaft, reducing its life.